Water droplet

Small stream. Upper Treman State Park, near Ithaca, NY.
Image by A. Sinan Unur

Stream at Upper Treman Park

Water & Septic Issues

General Water Quality Issues for Consumers

Cornell Cooperative Extension's page on "Water Quality Issues for Consumers" provides consumer information about drinking water, home water treatment, wells, septic systems, bottled water, and other water quality issues to enable them to protect their health, financial resources, and local watersheds.

NY Certified Water Testing Labs - Certified Commercial Labs that accept samples from the public, and perform fee-for-service analysis; listed by county with fields of analysis for which the lab is certified by the Wadsworth Center of the NYS Department of Health.

Recommended Water Test Fact Sheet (2006) from the the Bureau of Water Supply Protection, NYS Department of Health, lists baseline tests that should be performed for new private residential wells, and addional tests that may be suggested by certain water conditions or by nearby activities.

NSF International
NSF is a third party, non-profit certification organization that sets performance standards for water treatment devices. They run an independent product testing program, and require all products to meet annual re-certification requirements.

USGS Web Soil Survey
This database allows you to look up information on the soil type of your property, including how well it drains and the depth to the water table.


Test Your Well: Protect Your Family’s Water
This brochure from the NYS Department of Health has information on protecting your water, when to test your water and how to get it tested, and how to inspect and maintain your well/water system.

Well Water Contractor – Search Wizard
This search engine allows you to find registered well water contractors in NYS. To search, choose your county of residence and click “Select County.” You can then search by service using the drop down menu. Once you’ve chosen the service, click “start” and a list of certified contractors with addresses and phone numbers will pop up.

Private Drinking Water Wells (EPA)
This webpage has information from the EPA on private drinking water wells, groundwater, and more.

NYS Department of Health: Private Wells
The NYS Department of Health’s website has information and fact sheets on private wells, well testing, restoring wells after flooding, and more.

PowerPoint on Wells and Groundwater
This presentation on groundwater and wells was delivered on September 26, 2019 in Skaneateles. 

Floods & Drinking Water

What to Do After the Flood: Private Wells - an EPA resource covering how to inspect and disinfect your private residential well after a flood.

Private wells & Septic Systems- What to do if your well is involved in a flood
links to: CUCE Water Quality Information for Consumers

Flood Recovery: Restoring Water Wells- a 4-page document from the NY State Department of Health about well assessment, repair and disinfection following a flood.

Dealing with a Boil Water Order: 2-page document from Cornell University Cooperative Extension on boiling and/or disinfecting water to make it safe to use.

Flood Recovery: Restoring and Testing Your Private Well After a Flood
This NYS Department of Health pamphlet lists steps for assessing, flushing, disinfecting, and sampling your well after a flood.

Last updated February 10, 2020